adx indikator

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ADX: The Trend Strength Indicator

Trading in the direction of a strong trend reduces risk and increases profit potential. The average directional index (ADX) is used to determine when the price is trending strongly. In many cases, it is the ultimate trend indicator. After all, the trend may be your friend, but it sure helps to know who your friends are. In this article, we’ll examine the value of ADX as a trend strength indicator.

Introduction to ADX

ADX is used to quantify trend strength. ADX calculations are based on a moving average of price range expansion over a given period of time. The default setting is 14 bars, although other time periods can be used.   ADX can be used on any trading vehicle such as stocks, mutual funds, exchange-traded funds and futures.

ADX is plotted as a single line with values ranging from a low of zero to a high of 100. ADX is non-directional; it registers trend strength whether price is trending up or down.   The indicator is usually plotted in the same window as the two directional movement indicator (DMI) lines, from which ADX is derived (Figure 1).

For the remainder of this article, ADX will be shown separately on the charts for educational purposes.

Source: TDAmeritrade Strategy Desk

Figure 1: ADX is non-directional and quantifies trend strength by rising in both uptrends and downtrends.

When the +DMI is above the -DMI, prices are moving up, and ADX measures the strength of the uptrend. When the -DMI is above the +DMI, prices are moving down, and ADX measures the strength of the downtrend. Figure 1 is an example of an uptrend reversing to a downtrend. Notice how ADX rose during the uptrend, when +DMI was above -DMI. When price reversed, the -DMI crossed above the +DMI, and ADX rose again to measure the strength of the downtrend.

Quantifying Trend Strength

ADX values help traders identify the strongest and most profitable trends to trade. The values are also important for distinguishing between trending and non-trending conditions. Many traders will use ADX readings above 25 to suggest that the trend is strong enough for trend-trading strategies. Conversely, when ADX is below 25, many will avoid trend-trading strategies.

ADX Value Trend Strength
0-25 Absent or Weak Trend
25-50 Strong Trend
50-75 Very Strong Trend
75-100 Extremely Strong Trend

Low ADX is usually a sign of accumulation or distribution.   When ADX is below 25 for more than 30 bars, price enters range conditions, and price patterns are often easier to identify. Price then moves up and down between resistance and support to find selling and buying interest, respectively. From low ADX conditions, price will eventually break out into a trend. In Figure 2, price moves from a low ADX price channel to an uptrend with strong ADX.

Source: TDAmeritrade Strategy Desk

Figure 2: When ADX is below 25, price enters a range. When ADX rises above 25, price tends to trend.

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Source: TDAmeritrade Strategy Desk

Figure 3: Periods of low ADX lead to price patterns. This chart shows a cup and handle formation that starts an uptrend when ADX rises above 25.

The direction of the ADX line is important for reading trend strength. When the ADX line is rising, trend strength is increasing, and the price moves in the direction of the trend. When the line is falling, trend strength is decreasing, and the price enters a period of retracement or consolidation.

A common misperception is that a falling ADX line means the trend is reversing. A falling ADX line only means that the trend strength is weakening, but it usually does not mean the trend is reversing, unless there has been a price climax. As long as ADX is above 25, it is best to think of a falling ADX line as simply less strong (Figure 4).

Source: TDAmeritrade Strategy Desk

Figure 4: When ADX is below 25, the trend is weak. When ADX is above 25 and rising, the trend is strong. When ADX is above 25 and falling, the trend is less strong.

Trend Momentum

The series of ADX peaks are also a visual representation of overall trend momentum. ADX clearly indicates when the trend is gaining or losing momentum. Momentum is the velocity of price. A series of higher ADX peaks means trend momentum is increasing. A series of lower ADX peaks means trend momentum is decreasing. Any ADX peak above 25 is considered strong, even if it is a lower peak. In an uptrend, price can still rise on decreasing ADX momentum because overhead supply is eaten up as the trend progresses (Figure 5).

Source: TDAmeritrade Strategy Desk

Figure 5: ADX peaks are above 25 but getting smaller. The trend is losing momentum but the uptrend remains intact.

Knowing when trend momentum is increasing gives the trader confidence to let profits run instead of exiting before the trend has ended. However, a series of lower ADX peaks is a warning to watch price and manage risk. The best trading decisions are made on objective signals, not emotion.

ADX can also show momentum divergence. When price makes a higher high and ADX makes a lower high, there is negative divergence, or non-confirmation. In general, divergence is not a signal for a reversal, but rather a warning that trend momentum is changing. It may be appropriate to tighten the stop-loss or take partial profits.

Any time the trend changes character, it is time to assess and/or manage risk. Divergence can lead to trend continuation, consolidation, correction or reversal (Figure 6).

Source: TDAmeritrade Strategy Desk

Figure 6: Price makes a higher high while ADX makes a lower high. In this case, the negative divergence led to a trend reversal.

Strategic Use of ADX

Price is the single most important signal on a chart. Read price first, and then read ADX in the context of what price is doing. When any indicator is used, it should add something that price alone cannot easily tell us. For example, the best trends rise out of periods of price range consolidation. Breakouts from a range occur when there is a disagreement between the buyers and sellers on price, which tips the balance of supply and demand. Whether it is more supply than demand, or more demand than supply, it is the difference that creates price momentum.

Breakouts are not hard to spot, but they often fail to progress or end up being a trap. However, ADX tells you when breakouts are valid by showing when ADX is strong enough for price to trend after the breakout. When ADX rises from below 25 to above 25, price is strong enough to continue in the direction of the breakout.

ADX as a Range Finder

Conversely, it is often hard to see when price moves from trend to range conditions. ADX shows when the trend has weakened and is entering a period of range consolidation. Range conditions exist when ADX drops from above 25 to below 25. In a range, the trend is sideways, and there is general price agreement between the buyers and sellers. ADX will meander sideways under 25 until the balance of supply and demand changes again.

ADX gives great strategy signals when combined with price. First, use ADX to determine whether prices are trending or non-trending, and then choose the appropriate trading strategy for the condition. In trending conditions, entries are made on pullbacks and taken in the direction of the trend. In range conditions, trend-trading strategies are not appropriate. However, trades can be made on reversals at support (long) and resistance (short).

The best profits come from trading the strongest trends and avoiding range conditions. ADX not only identifies trending conditions, it helps the trader find the strongest trends to trade. The ability to quantify trend strength is a major edge for traders. ADX also identifies range conditions, so a trader won’t get stuck trying to trend trade in sideways price action. In addition, it shows when price has broken out of a range with sufficient strength to use trend-trading strategies. ADX also alerts the trader to changes in trend momentum, so risk management can be addressed. If you want the trend to be your friend, you’d better not let ADX become a stranger.


ADX steht für Average Directional Index. Der ADX ist ein Trendstärken-Indikator, da er abbildet, wie stark sich ein Trend entwickelt. Er sendet keine Kauf- oder Verkaufssignale. Er bildet demzufolge die Stärke einer Bewegung ab, nicht jedoch die Richtung. Er entfaltet seine volle Kompetenz im Zusammenwirken mit weiteren Indikatoren. Das Erkennen von Markttrends ist seine Stärke, die sich nachhaltig auf die Wahl der weiteren Analysetools auswirkt. Der Regelwert liegt zwischen 0 und 50. Je höher der angezeigte Wert ausfällt, desto stärker die Trendentwicklung. Je niedriger der ADX-Wert, desto schwächer fällt der Trend aus. Der ADX Indikator verzeichnet drei Linien, die eine Kursentwicklung unterschiedlich abbilden: + DI-Linie, – DI-Linie, ADX-Linie.

D1 Indikatoren und Interpretation der Werte

Die + D1- und – D1-Indikatoren zeigen die Differenz zwischen Auf- und Abwärtstrend getrennt voneinander auf, woraus sich gut verwertbare Handelssignale ergeben. Die rote, horizontal durch die Mitte verlaufende Linie bildet das 25-Niveau ab. Fällt die blaue ADX-Linie unter dieses Niveau, erkennt der Trader, dass ein Ranging Market vorliegt oder sich das Platzieren weiterer Trades nicht lohnt, weil ein schwacher Trend den Markt bestimmt. Ein Ranging Market (Seitwärtsmarkt) liegt vor, wenn ein Finanzinstrument mehrmals hintereinander denselben Kurs der entsprechenden Hoch- oder Tiefmarken aufweist. Ein Seitwärtsmarkt gilt als bestätigt, wenn der entsprechende Kurs dreimal in Folge dasselbe Widerstands- und Unterstützungsniveau erreicht, ohne einen Durchbruch zu erzielen. Liegt der Wert über 25, zeichnet sich ein starker Trend ab. Bewegt sich der ADX Indikator zwischen 30 und 50, zeichnet sich ein starker Trend ab. Bewegt sich die Linie auf 50 und darüber, liegt der Höhepunkt eines Trends vor. Erfahrene Trader platzieren jetzt keine weiteren Trades mehr, da der Markt nach Erreichen dieser Höchstmarke in der Regel wieder umkehrt. Eine Seitwärtsbewegung liegt bei einem ADX Indikator unter 30 vor, unter 15 kommt es vermutlich zu einer starken Bewegung. Als Seitwärtsbewegung wird eine trendlose Phase bezeichnet, die sich unmittelbar an die Beendigung eines Trends anschließt, bevor ein neuer beginnt. Diese Richtung lässt sich jedoch aus diesem Trend-Indikator nicht schließen.

Die Linien + DI und – DI signalisieren die Trendrichtung. Die wichtigste ADX-Linie bildet den geglätteten Durchschnitt der Kursbewegungen ab. Steigt der Wert über 25, ist das ein Signal für einen Trendbeginn. Die + DI und die – DI-Linien signalisieren durch Interaktion, ob ein Aufwärts- oder Abwärtstrend vorliegt. Geht die + DI-Linie über die – DI-Linie hinaus, liegt ein Aufwärtstrend vor. Sinkt die + DI-Linie unter die – DI-Linie, bedeutet das die umkehrte Kursentwicklung in Form eines Abwärtstrends. Kreuzt die + DI-Linie die höhere – DI-Linie, signalisiert diese Veränderung einen eventuellen Aufwärtstrend. Der ADX-Wert wird auf der Grundlage von Trading-Perioden, auch Candlesticks genannt, berechnet. Die standardmäßige Einstellung beträgt 14 Perioden. Die Trader können den Trendstärken-Indikator gleichfalls entsprechend ihrer persönlichen Präferenzen ändern und einstellen, wobei die bevorzugten Periodenzahlen zwischen 7 und 30 liegen.

ADX Indikator Einstellung

Eine relativ hoch eingestellte Periode, zum Beispiel 28, glättet die durch die ADCX-Linie aufgezeigte durchschnittliche Kursentwicklung, die sie bereits seit längerer Zeit anzeigt. Diese höhere Einstellung liefert verlässlichere Signale, zeigt neue Trends jedoch eher spät als früh an. Stellt der Trader niedrigere Periodenanzahlen ein, erkennt er Trends früher, muss jedoch damit rechnen, dass sich diese als falsch herausstellen. Die Änderungen der ADX-Einstellungen wirken sich nicht auf die + DI und – DI-Linien aus. Erfahrene Trader prüfen, ob die von ihnen vorgenommene Änderung sich positiv oder negativ auf ihre Handelsstrategie auswirkt.

ADX Indikator Erklärung Formel

Der ADX wird auf Grundlage des Directional Movement Index (DMI) berechnet.

DX = DI-Plus – DI Minus geteilt durch DI-Plus – DI Minus. Der ADX stellt den gleitenden Mittelwert des DX dar. Als Zeitraum wird werden häufig 14 oder 18 Tage festgelegt.


Sehr gute Erklärung! Damit kann man weiterarbeiten. Werde euch jetzt regelmäßig besuchen.

Adx indikator

Trading with ADX indicator involves the following signals:

ADX staying below 20 level — there is no trend or the trend is weak.

ADX moving above 20 level — trend is strong.

ADX passing 40 level — trend is extreme.

ADX value rising — trend is going stronger, falling — trend is weakening.

+DI stays on top of -DI — uptrend is in place.

-DI stays on top of +DI — downtrend is in place.

Two DI cross — trend is changing.

Average Directional Index (ADX)

The Average Directional Index (ADX) depicts a presence or absence of a trend. ADX advices on the strength of the dominant forces that move market prices here and now.

In other words, ADX advices on trend tendencies: whether the trend is going to continue and strengthen or it is about to lose its positions.

The author of Average Directional Index J. Welles Wilder considers his ADX indicator as a primary achievement; and only because signals given by ADX are not an easy to take a grasp of from the first look, many Forex traders avoid using ADX in favor of more visually comprehensive indicators.

How to interpret ADX

ADX indicator has 2 lines: ADX itself (white), +DI (green) and -DI (red).
Traders then need to draw a horizontal line at the level of 20.
All readings of ADX which are below 20 suggest a weak and unclear trend, while readings above 20 indicate that a trend has picked up.

That is, basically, the simplest explanation of the purpose of ADX. ADX allows Forex traders to determine whether the trend is strong or weak and thus choose and appropriate strategy to trade with: a trend following strategy or a strategy fit to consolidation market periods with no significant price changes.

There is also additional line to be added to ADX indicator window – at 40 level.

How to trade with ADX

Trading with ADX looks as follows:

If ADX is traded below 20 – there is no trend or the trend is weak, thus a non-trend-following strategies should be used, otherwise losses may occur as a result of false signals and whip-saws taking place. An example of non-trend-following method is channel trading.

If ADX is traded above 20 but below 40, it is time to apply trend following methods. An example would be: Forex trading Moving averages or or trading with Parabolic SAR indicator.

When ADX reaches 40 level, it suggests an overbought/oversold (depending on the trend) situation on the market and it is time to protect some profits of at least move Stop loss order to a break even.

When ADX passes 40 level, it is a good time to begin collecting profits gradually scaling out of the trades on rallies and sell-offs and protecting remaining positions with trailing stops.

ADX -/+ DI lines are used for spotting entry signals. All -/+ DI crossovers are disregarded while ADX remains below 20. Once ADX peaks above 20 a buy signal occur when +DI (green) crosses upwards and above -DI (red). A sell signal will be the opposite: +DI would cross -DI downwards.
If after a newly created signal another opposite crossover happens within a short period of time, the original signal should be disregarded and position protected soon or closed.

ADX indicator is never traded alone, but rather in combination with other indicators and tools. ADX indicator most of the time gives much later signals comparing to faster reacting moving averages crossover or Stochastic, for example, however, reliability of ADX indicator is much higher than for other indicators in traders‘ toolkit, which makes it a valuable tool for many Forex traders.

And just one more idea to test out:
When ADX rises above 20 for the first time and then goes flat for some time, there is believed to be a new trend being born and the reason for ADX being currently flat is because market reacts to this new trend formation by making first initial correction. During this correction it is a good time to initiate new orders.

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